3 days in a F1 Race
3 days in a F1 Race
A Formula One race or Grand Prix is a sporting event which takes place over three days.
There are Two “one and a half-hour” practice sessions on Friday (Thursday at Monaco), a one-hour practice session on Saturday morning and a qualifying session on Saturday afternoon and the Main Race is on Sunday
Saturday’s qualifying session, designed to take about an hour, is split into three distinct segments – Q1, Q2 and Q3.
Each qualifying segment sees multiple drivers on track simultaneously, with each allowed to run as many laps as they want.
2020 FORMULA ONE SPORTING REGULATIONS
31) PRACTICE SESSIONS
31.1 No driver may start in the race without taking part in at least one practice session.
31.2 During all practices there will be a green and a red light at the end of the pit lane.
Cars may only leave the pit lane when the green light is on. Additionally, a blue flag and/or a flashingblue light
will be shown in the pit exit to warn drivers leaving the pit lane if cars are approaching on the track.
31.3 Unless written permission has been given by the FIA to do otherwise, the circuit may only be
used for purposes other than the Event after the last practice session on each day of practice
and on the day of the race no less than one hour before the end of the pit lane is opened to
allow cars to cover a reconnaissance lap.
31.4 In the event of a driving infringement during any practice session the Stewards may delete a
driver’s lap time (or lap times) or drop the driver such number of grid positions as they
consider appropriate. Unless it is completely clear that a driver committed a driving
infringement any such incident will normally be investigated after the relevant session.
Where appropriate, regard will also be given to the provisions of Article 18.1.
31.5 Any driver taking part in any practice session who, in the opinion of the stewards, stops
unnecessarily on the circuit or unnecessarily impedes another driver shall be subject to the
penalties referred to in Article 31.4.
31.6 Should it become necessary to stop any practice session because the circuit is blocked by an
accident or because weather or other conditions make it dangerous to continue, the clerk of
the course will order red flags to be shown at all marshal posts and the abort lights to be
shown at the Line.
When the signal is given to stop all cars must immediately reduce speed and proceed slowly
back to the pit lane. In order to ensure that drivers reduce speed sufficiently, from the time at
which the “RED FLAG” message appears on the official messaging system until the time that
each car crosses the first safety car line when entering the pit lane, drivers must stay above the
minimum time set by the FIA ECU at least once in each marshalling sector (a marshalling sector
is defined as the section of track between each of the FIA light panels).
All cars abandoned on the track will be removed to a safe place.
At the end of each practice session no driver may cross the Line more than once.
31.7 The clerk of the course may interrupt practice as often and for as long as he thinks necessary
to clear the track or to allow the recovery of a car. However, only during qualifying practice will
the session be extended as a result.
Should one or more sessions be thus interrupted, no protest can be accepted as to the
possible effects of the interruption on the qualification of drivers admitted to start.
32) FREE PRACTICE
32.1 a) Two free practice sessions (P1 and P2), each lasting one and a half hours and separated
by at least two and a half hours, will take place on the second day of the Event.
b) A further free practice session (P3), lasting one hour and starting no less than eighteen
and a half hours after the end of P2, will take place the day before the race.
33) QUALIFYING PRACTICE
33.1 The qualifying practice session will take place on the day before the race and will start no less
than two hours after the end of P3.
The session will be run as follows :
a) For the first eighteen minutes of the session (Q1) all cars will be permitted on the track
and at the end of this period the slowest five cars will be prohibited from taking any
further part in the session.
Lap times achieved by the fifteen remaining cars will then be deleted.
b) After a seven-minute break the session will resume for fifteen minutes (Q2) and the
fifteen remaining cars will be permitted on the track. At the end of this period the
slowest five cars will be prohibited from taking any further part in the session.
Lap times achieved by the ten remaining cars will then be deleted.
c) After an eight-minute break the session will resume for twelve minutes (Q3) and the ten
remaining cars will be permitted on the track.
The above procedure is based upon 20 cars being officially eligible to take part in the Event. If
22 cars are eligible six will be eliminated after Q1 and Q2, if 24 cars are eligible seven cars will
be eliminated after Q1 and Q2, and so on if more cars are eligible.
33.2 Any driver whose car stops on the circuit during the qualifying session will not be permitted to take any further part in the session.
33.3 At the end of qualifying practice the times achieved by each driver will be officially published.
33.4 An AOT, as defined in F1 Technical Regulations, must be empty during the complete qualifying
35) THE GRID
35.1 Unless the track was declared wet by the race director, any driver eliminated during Q1 whose
best qualifying lap exceeds 107% of the fastest time set during that session, or who fails to set
a time, will not be allowed